Minnesota Department of Transportation

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Connected and Automated Vehicles

Connected and Automated Vehicles

What are Connected and Automated Vehicles?

Automated vehicles use technology to steer, accelerate, and brake with little to no human input.  Some vehicles still require a human to monitor the roadway, while other vehicles require no human intervention. 

Connected vehicles use technology to either communicate with each other, connect with traffic signals, signs, and other road items, or obtain data from a cloud. This information exchange will help with safety and improve traffic flow.

Electric vehicles – Many CAVs are being built on electric vehicle platforms but the future is still unclear if the industry will broadly adopt electric vehicle technology.

Shared mobility – Shared mobility allows transportation services like transit, ridesharing, bike sharing and on-demand services to be shared among users. The world is experiencing a change in the way people travel but the future is still unclear whether people will choose to use these shared modes.

Why CAV?

Increased safety

Nearly 94 percent of fatalities are caused by human factors; automation has the ability to save lives.

Greater mobility and equity

CAV may reduce transportation barriers by providing broader access to live, work and play where they choose.

Economic and workforce development

Minnesota and its workforce are competing in a global market; this technology provides an opportunity to compete in the movement of goods, services and people.


CAVs may reduce traffic congestion and improve traffic flow.

Maximize health and environment

CAV could help us rethink the way we plan our communities to maximize health and sustainable transportation.

Testing of automated vehicles

Minnesota does not have specific automated vehicle legislation. Automated vehicle testing and operation on public roadways must meet current statues and laws. Contact Tara Olds with questions.

Truck platooning

As of August 1, 2019 platooning trucks in Minnesota is permitted to be exempt from the state’s minimum following distance rule of 500 feet. Contact Cory Johnson to learn more about MnDOT’s truck platooning efforts.