MnDOT's 2017 Sustainability Report sets the goal of reducing GHG emissions from Minnesota's transportation sector by 30 percent from 2005 levels by 2025. Light-duty vehicles generate the majority of transportation GHGs in the state. While federal fuel economy standards will lower emissions in the future, electrifying light duty vehicles is an important strategy to meet the goal.
Electric Vehicles - Financial Outlook
In 2017, electric vehicle sales made up .6 percent of new car sales in Minnesota; 3,000 fully electric vehicles and 3,000 plug-in hybrid vehicles. In 2018, 20 percent of Americans said their next car will be electric, up from 15 percent in 2017. Bloomberg forecasts worldwide sales of EVs will increase from 1.1 million in 2017, to 11 million in 2025, and then surge to 30 million in 2030 as battery prices decrease.
MnDOT is evaluating the revenue implications of higher efficiency for all vehicles, with a focus on EVs that use all or mostly electricity for fuel. A high EV price and high non-EV MPG scenario produce the highest additional transportation revenue - largely due to the Motor Vehicle Sales Tax sale price of the non-EV. Even a small ($4,000) EV price premium would revenue neutral or positive in all scenarios. Learn more about US consumer trends and EV impacts to transportation in Minnesota.
Accelerating Electric Vehicle Adoption: A Vision for Minnesota
The transportation industry is changing. Technological advancements like electric vehicles can help reduce environmental impacts, reliance on foreign oil, and the cost of driving. Minnesota can prepare for this change by embracing electric vehicles and moving toward a sustainable transportation system.
Accelerating Electric Vehicle Adoption: A Vision for Minnesota is the first coordinated attempt to outline a statewide vision for increasing EV use 20% EVs by 2030. The Vision describes strategies for achieving the goal of powering 20 percent of the light-duty cars in the state with electricity by 2030.
Great Lakes Zero Emission Corridor
In November 2016, FHWA designated Interstate 94 from Moorhead, Minnesota, to Port Huron, Michigan as a Zero Emission Corridor. The goal of the ZEC is to encourage installation of charging stations in 50 mile increments to allow EV drivers to travel throughout the Midwest, as early as 2018. There is no funding associated with designation, but it does allow participating states to add signage to promote the corridor, help partners collaborate on grants and funding requests, and encourages private charging station investment. MnDOT installed the country's first EV-Charging signs associated with this program.