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Equity

Children standing with bicycles along a roadsideEquity is a needs-based approach to allocating resources to achieve fairness in the distribution of benefits and costs. Equity in Safe Routes to School aims to ensure that funding and programs prioritize underserved areas that may suffer from disproportionate health problems and traffic safety issues or have limited transportation options.

Equity is often confused with equality, when in fact they have different meanings.

Equality assumes that all needs are the same. The result is that every community gets the exact same resources without regard to individual differences. Equality works only in circumstances where everyone starts from the same place and needs the same things.

Equity allows resources to be provided on the basis of need. Communities disproportionately impacted by safety, health or transportation access inequities are provided appropriate resources to address their individual needs. Therefore, resource allocation may differ between communities. While often used interchangeably with equality, equity involves a variety of strategies aimed at the fair – but not necessarily equal - provision of resources.

Why Equity Matters

Children from lower-income families are twice as likely to walk to school as children from higher-income families but typically face greater personal and traffic safety risks on their route to school.
Safe Routes to School programs increase physical activity and can improve student attendance, both of which are linked with higher academic achievement.

Infographic from www.activelivingresearch.org Infographic from www.activelivingresearch.org

 

Incorporating Equity into Safe Routes to School

A group of children walking on a sidewalkAlthough all of the 6 Es should be implemented in conjunction with one another, equity is unique in that it can be applied to each of the other 5 Es.

  • Evaluation of demographic and safety data can be used to identify the schools with the most need.
  • Education materials should be provided in multiple languages for students to share with their families. Classroom activities should enable students of all abilities to participate.
  • Encouragement activities should allow all students to participate. Faith-based organizations, neighborhood coalitions and housing groups may have the community knowledge and human resources to help organize and support walking school buses and corner captain programs.
  • Enforcement should focus on reducing traffic violations and crime along the routes to school without unfairly targeting individuals with lower incomes or specific racial backgrounds.
  • Engineering treatments can make it safer to walk and bike to school by creating new and improved pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure in neighborhoods without them.

Resources on Equity in Transportation and Safe Routes to School

The following resources address transportation equity and provide strategies to ensure equity is considered in all elements of a Safe Routes to School program.