Minnesota Department of Transportation

511 Travel Info

Aeronautics and Aviation

Fly Minnesota!

Aerial Photo of an Airport

Land Use Compatibility Manual

The Airport Land Use Compatibility Manual is a comprehensive resource document for airport managers, zoning administrators, and community planners responsible for planning and implementing compatible growth of the community's airport and of its neighboring communities.

Airport Compatibility Manual - Full Version (PDF, 11.36 MB)

COVER & ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (PDF, 8.11 MB)

TABLE OF CONTENTS (PDF, 73 KB)

LIST OF TABLES & FIGURES (PDF, 66 KB)

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION (PDF, 290 KB)

  • Introduction
  • The Importance of Aviation
  • Defining the Threat - Incompatible Land Uses
  • Who Should Use this Manual
  • How the Manual was Prepared
  • How to use this Manual

CHAPTER 2: THE SYSTEM TODAY (PDF, 987 KB)

  • Introduction
  • KEY PLAYERS AND A SUMMARY OF THEIR ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
    • The Federal Government and the Role of the Federal Aviation Administration
    • The State of Minnesota
    • Local Governments
    • Airport Sponsors
    • The Metropolitan Council and the Metropolitan Airports Commission
    • Airport Users
    • Property Owners
    • General Public
  • MINNESOTA'S CURRENT SYSTEM - LAND USE AND AIRPORT SAFETY
    • Brief History of Airport Zoning in Minnesota
    • The State Model Zoning Ordinance
    • Height Restrictions
    • General Restrictions
    • Procedure for Adoption and Approval of Local Airport Safety Zoning
  • FEDERAL SYSTEM - COMPATIBLE LAND USES AND AIRPORT SAFETY
    • Runway Protection
  • SUCCESSES AND CHALLENGES WITH CURRENT MINNESOTA APPROACH TOWARD AIRPORT SAFETY
    • Key Findings from the Ordinance Review Recommended Best Practices

CHAPTER 3: COMPATIBLE AIRPORT LAND USES (PDF, 1.16 MB)

  • INTRODUCTION
  • WHAT ARE THE PRIMARY COMPATIBILITY CONCERNS?
    • Conditions That Create Risk of Injury to People on the Ground and Damage to Property
    • Conditions That Interfere with Aircraft Flight and Distract Pilots
  • AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO REGULATING COMPATIBLE LAND USES
    • Overview
    • Recommendations for Compatible Land Uses in Airport Safety Zones

CHAPTER 4: PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE STRATEGIES FOR AIRPORT LAND USE COMPATIBILITY (PDF, 544 KB)

  • INTRODUCTION
  • PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES AND TOOLS
    • General Planning Strategies
    • Regulatory Actions
    • Property Disclosure Mechanisms
    • Property Acquisition
    • Incentives
    • Public Education and Outreach
    • Summary of Preventive Strategies for Airport Land Use Compatibility
  • CORRECTIVE STRATEGIES AND TOOLS
    • Planning Considerations
    • Regulatory Actions
    • Other Corrective or Remedial Actions
    • Summary of Corrective Strategies for Airport Land Use Compatibility

CHAPTER 5: APPLICABLE LAWS/ STATUTES AND LEGAL ISSUES (PDF, 374 KB)

  • INTRODUCTION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY FEDERAL LEGISLATION
    • Federal Airport Planning Statutes and Regulations
  • SUMMARY OF KEY MINNESOTA LEGISLATION
    • Minnesota Airport Zoning Statutes
    • Minnesota Airport Noise Statutes
    • Minnesota Airport Zoning Rules
    • Selected Minnesota Zoning and Planning Laws-Municipalities
    • Selected Minnesota Zoning and Planning Laws-Counties
    • Selected Minnesota Environmental Laws
  • AIRPORT ZONING AND THE "TAKINGS" ISSUE
    • An Overview of Takings Law

CHAPTER 6: MODEL AIRPORT SAFETY ZONING ORDINANCE AND PROCEDURAL GUIDE (PDF, 1.60 MB)

  • INTRODUCTION
  • LEGAL STATUS OF THE MODEL ZONING ORDINANCE
  • SUMMARY OF MODEL ORDINANCE CONTENTS
  • PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS AND GUIDELINES
    • Adopting An Airport Zoning Ordinance For Publicly-Owned Airports
    • Procedures For Local Adoption Of Airport Zoning Ordinance
  • REQUESTS FOR MODIFICATION OF SAFETY ZONES
    • Conclusions About Third Party Risk
    • Evidence Required in Support of Airport Safety Zone Modifications
    • Considerations for Determining Modification Requests
  • PERMITTING PROCESS
  • PROCEDURES FOR ZONING VARIANCE REQUESTS
  • MINNESOTA MODEL AIRPORT ZONING ORDINANCE
  • PROCEDURAL FORMS

APPENDICES (PDF, 3.74 MB)